These are the things that you will need to look after your dog.
The dog’s collar and leash: To source the right size of dog collar to fit your dog you will have to measure its neck and add five centimetres to its neck size. Always make sure that the dog collar fits properly and that it is not too tight. The leash should have a cotton or leather lining and should come with a safety catch. In terms of the length of the leash, the best length for walking and training your dog is between a meter and a half and two meters.
The dog’s kennel or carry-case: This can either be a plastic or metal grille kennel or carry-case and should be big enough so that your dog can stand up and turn around inside. However, it shouldn’t be too big as this could result in the dog using one end of the carry-case to urinate or defecate in and the other end to sleep in. If the dog is from a large breed of dogs you may have to use an adjustable dog kennel or carry-case, so that it can be adapted to suit the dog as it grows and gets older. This is especially important if your dog is still a puppy, as this is when it will grow most quickly. Buy a larger dog kennel or carry-case when required. For the dog’s safety, its carry-case should have sufficient ventilation holes, but these holes should be small enough to ensure that the dog cannot put its head or paws through the holes. The door-grille should close securely so that there is no chance of the dog opening it accidentally while inside. You can put a blanket or a cushion inside for the dog to lie on provided that this is made of safe and easy to clean materials. Do not give your dog food or water inside the dog kennel or carry-case, as this may lead to it doing the toilet inside. It may be a good idea, however, to let your dog have its favourite toy to bite on when it’s inside. A dog kennel or carry-case should never be used as a place where your dog is sent as a punishment.
The dog’s nametag: This should be fastened to the dog’s collar and should include its name, along with your own name and address and telephone number. If your dog ever gets lost, a nametag may be crucial in getting it back.
Microchip: This is the best way of identifying your dog. Implanting this identification system involves no discomfort for the dog and is permanent (it will never get lost, unlike a nametag) and can be easily read using a hand-held scanner. Similarly, you could tattoo your dog for identification purposes, although these days the microchip system is a more popular alternative.
Water and food bowls: Ideally, water and food bowls should be made of stainless steel, as many dogs are allergic to plastic. These bowls should be easy to clean, because you will have to clean them out every day, and they should be held in place by some kind of support structure or else be heavy enough so that the dog cannot overturn them easily.
Grooming kit: Apart from shampoos or other doggie hygiene products, it’s important for you to have the appropriate grooming kit for your dog. This includes the right brushes and combs, as these may vary depending on the type of coat your dog has. You should also have a flea comb.